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Although most modern computer components can effectively handle large amounts of heat, overheating can still pose many dangers to your precious PC. For anyone who has invested hundreds or thousands of dollars in a computer, it is important to understand how to prevent the PC from overheating. Some components of a

computer overheat more than others. For example, a powerful CPU or graphics card with a high TDP (Thermal Design Power) will generate more heat than its motherboard or power supply, so these components usually come with cooling system. Take care of this. The problem is that these components dissipate heat directly into your PC case, which increases the overall ambient temperature of the PC and causes problems elsewhere.

In this article, we will introduce the main causes of computer overheating, how to track component temperature, and finally show you how to solve these problems head-on.

Some answers to this question are specific to individual components and other reasons may affect your entire system. High temperatures can shorten component life, so determining the underlying cause of overheating is the best place to start.

As mentioned above, most (if not all) components of a computer generate heat, and this heat will increase the temperature inside the case. If you've recently experienced performance issues or strange random shutdowns, this may be due to specific components facing cooling issues.

Let's take a look at how the various components affect heat within the system, and then take a look at the top threats to anyone's PC.

modern CPUs from AMD and Intel can withstand a lot of heat before they start to damage the processor, but that doesn’t mean you don’t have to cool the CPU sufficiently. Most processors have backup coolers, and although they are not the best, they can effectively protect the processor from heat. If you overclock the CPU, there may be some problems, because the stock cooler is actually designed to solve the basic clock of your processor. If you are committed to overclocking your system, you may need to replace your stock cooler with an aftermarket fan or liquid cooling solution.

You may be running on the basic clock of the CPU, but you still see an increase in temperature or a decrease in performance. This may be due to the thermal paste layer between the processor and the cooler. Over time, the thermal paste will dry out, so it is best to replace the thermal paste correctly every few years. If this is something you have never done before, then this is a good place to prevent damage to the CPU.

A potential problem that is sometimes overlooked may be improper installation of the CPU cooler, so whenever you build a new system or change the thermal paste, be sure to install the cooler according to the instructions.

For gaming PCs, the graphics card is usually the component that generates the most heat. After-sales graphics cards are equipped with one, two or three fans, which can actively cool down the graphics card when you try to handle AAA games. After running the game for a while, you may feel a gust of hot air. Although this is normal, you need to make sure that your case has at least one fan to get some airflow to remove the air.

Most high-end components, especially graphics cards, use passive cooling to provide you with the best of both worlds from the perspective of acoustics and cooling. Your graphics fan will only start spinning when the GPU reaches a certain temperature, but some manufacturers will allow you to change this setting, which means that if you don’t mind the noise, you can optimize the settings to eliminate heat faster.

Dust, dog hair, spiders, anything that enters the chassis will significantly increase the temperature over time and may cause real damage to your components. Let's not be too dramatic, your system will continue to run, but you can be sure that its components will never last as long as a regularly cleaned computer.

Even if you use a high-end housing with a dust filter, particles will still enter your system due to the inhalation of a large amount of air. Dust sticks to everything, but it usually gets on all the fans in the case. Dust can clog the fans, prevent them from rotating at the advertised RPM speed, and in some extreme cases, prevent them from moving all the time (eww).

Dust is one of the compromises we must make to get enough airflow, but it is not necessarily the end of your PC, it can be easily overcome.

But did I clean up my PC? This is a dust-free environment. Well, it looks like your airflow settings may be lacking, or you need to increase the number of fans in your setup. Many systems can run normally with a single 120mm fan, so this is not the first stop when researching how to prevent the PC from overheating. The

fan just needs to remove stagnant air in the box and replace it with fresh air in your room. The constant air flow helps to reduce the ambient temperature of the entire system and has a positive effect on the individual components.

You can check the temperature of specific components using a large number of tools that can be downloaded from the Internet. You can certainly do this in the system BIOS, but downloading the tool is a much simpler method and saves you from restarting the system/booting the BIOS, which is a bit daunting for many PC novices.

system monitoring tool is usually free, can display the temperature

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